Natural sleep is indeed a blessing, but when blessing is taken for granted, then it has to replace with a substitute and alternate solution! There comes a time when people support certain drugs or medications that can provide relief to their brain, and get them peace for a few hours.
These drugs we call “lifesaving drugs” which are often used in hospitals as means of mechanical ventilation to provide a patient a required amount of sleep or relief from the pain of treatment, or a cure to anti-sleep. A sedative is one of that lifesaving drug, which as the title suggests; a cure to anti-sleep or drug to put life in danger is used in an abused way
What Sedative or Sedation is?
Sedatives are drug which reduces brain activity when doze exceeds the required amount. If we talk about the elements of origin from which this drug is made, then the main calming substances belong to the group of barbiturates. There are other substances such as; Bromides and plants including; valerian – passion fruit
Barbiturates can depress many brain areas as a result of which user’s become much sleepier, drowsy, and feel less tense with a sense of calm and relaxation. For this reason, many people in a state of severe depression take this drug to escape the series of thoughts that results in depression. Now the question comes;
Is Sedative safe?
Well, it depends on the purpose. However, conscious sedation is usually safe, since it is used in hospitals for surgical purposes. If consumed in a high dose, can result in breathing problems. A provider keep eye on the patient throughout the procedure. If any breathing issues are witnessed, then they also have quick treatment or equipment for handling that.
What matters more is, how sedatives work in the human body? This drug work by modifying certain nerve communications in CNS – Central Nervous System to your brain. In this state, it relaxes your body by slowing down brain activity.
The sedatives generate a neurotransmitter termed; Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) which leaves a stronger effect on your brain activity. This lifesaving drug is usually prescribed by doctors for treating sleep disorders and anxiety. It is also used as general anesthetics.
Apart from this, sedatives can also said to be controlled substances. This indicates that its production and sales are also regulated, we see now suppliers provide sedatives for sale as per its increasing demand with the rising of depression cases diagnosed in the majority of individuals
In states like the U.S, there is a Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) which deals in regulating controlled substances. According to it, using sedatives outside or selling them is counted as a federal crime.
List of Drugs Which Are Known as Sedatives
It mainly includes; benzodiazepines (such as lorazepam and diazepam), zolpidem, barbiturates, eszopiclone, and to name a few
These prescribed drugs are used for treating anxiety (also known as antianxiety drugs) and bring sleep (as sleeping pills) which often cause dependence.
How Sedatives Can Be Hazardous to Body? Side Effects
There are some hazardous side effects which can put user’s or patient’s life in danger if consumed in exceed doze. It can risk too;
- Increased risk of falls and injury
- Impaired attention and judgment
- Fading of depression and anxiety symptoms
- Dizziness, drowsiness, and confusion
- Problems in memory and movement
- Reduced heart rate and breathing, which can increase if taken with alcohol